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Compare English vs Hindi vs Pashto vs Persian (Farsi) vs Turkish vs Urdu World Languages

Overview:

 
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Language Family and Writing System
 
Writing System
Latin Devangari Perso-arabic Arabic Latin Nasta'liq (arabic)
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Script(s) Used
English (hind ) (pa To) (f Rs ) T Rk E (urd )
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Family
Indo-european Indo-european Indo-european Indo-european Turkic Indo-european
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Subgroup
Germanic Indo-aryan Iranian Iranian Southern Indo-aryan
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3 Letter Code
Eng Hin Per/fas Tur Urd
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Number of Speakers
 
Number of Native speakers (millions)
322 million
182 million
50 million
39 million
74 million
58 million
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Native Speakers as % of World
7 %
3.9 %
1.1 %
0.8 %
1.6 %
1.3 %
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Total Number of Speakers (millions)
1500 million
490 million
60 million
59 million
83 million
65 million
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Total Speakers as % of World
19.7 %
6.4 %
0.8 %
0.8 %
1.1 %
0.9 %
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Language Systems
 
Noun declensions
None Two Cases Two Cases Two Cases Seven Cases Two Cases
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Sequence
Svo Sov Sov Sov Sov Sov
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Tonal
No No No No No No
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Agglutinative language
No No No No No No
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Geographic Distribution
 
Official language in

Afghanistan

Antigua And Barbuda

Australia

Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

Botswana

Cameroon

Canada

Cyprus

Dominica

Federated States Of Micronesia

Fiji

Ghana

Grenada

Guyana

India

Iran

Ireland

Jamaica

Kenya

Kiribati

Lesotho

Liberia

Malawi

Malta

Marshall Islands

Mauritius

Namibia

Nauru

New Zealand

Nigeria

Pakistan

Palau

Papua New Guinea

Philippines

Rwanda

Tajikistan

The Gambia

Turkey

United Kingdom

United States

Afghanistan

Antigua And Barbuda

Australia

Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

Botswana

Cameroon

Canada

Cyprus

Dominica

Federated States Of Micronesia

Fiji

Ghana

Grenada

Guyana

India

Iran

Ireland

Jamaica

Kenya

Kiribati

Lesotho

Liberia

Malawi

Malta

Marshall Islands

Mauritius

Namibia

Nauru

New Zealand

Nigeria

Pakistan

Palau

Papua New Guinea

Philippines

Rwanda

Tajikistan

The Gambia

Turkey

United Kingdom

United States

Afghanistan

Antigua And Barbuda

Australia

Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

Botswana

Cameroon

Canada

Cyprus

Dominica

Federated States Of Micronesia

Fiji

Ghana

Grenada

Guyana

India

Iran

Ireland

Jamaica

Kenya

Kiribati

Lesotho

Liberia

Malawi

Malta

Marshall Islands

Mauritius

Namibia

Nauru

New Zealand

Nigeria

Pakistan

Palau

Papua New Guinea

Philippines

Rwanda

Tajikistan

The Gambia

Turkey

United Kingdom

United States

Afghanistan

Antigua And Barbuda

Australia

Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

Botswana

Cameroon

Canada

Cyprus

Dominica

Federated States Of Micronesia

Fiji

Ghana

Grenada

Guyana

India

Iran

Ireland

Jamaica

Kenya

Kiribati

Lesotho

Liberia

Malawi

Malta

Marshall Islands

Mauritius

Namibia

Nauru

New Zealand

Nigeria

Pakistan

Palau

Papua New Guinea

Philippines

Rwanda

Tajikistan

The Gambia

Turkey

United Kingdom

United States

Afghanistan

Antigua And Barbuda

Australia

Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

Botswana

Cameroon

Canada

Cyprus

Dominica

Federated States Of Micronesia

Fiji

Ghana

Grenada

Guyana

India

Iran

Ireland

Jamaica

Kenya

Kiribati

Lesotho

Liberia

Malawi

Malta

Marshall Islands

Mauritius

Namibia

Nauru

New Zealand

Nigeria

Pakistan

Palau

Papua New Guinea

Philippines

Rwanda

Tajikistan

The Gambia

Turkey

United Kingdom

United States

Afghanistan

Antigua And Barbuda

Australia

Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

Botswana

Cameroon

Canada

Cyprus

Dominica

Federated States Of Micronesia

Fiji

Ghana

Grenada

Guyana

India

Iran

Ireland

Jamaica

Kenya

Kiribati

Lesotho

Liberia

Malawi

Malta

Marshall Islands

Mauritius

Namibia

Nauru

New Zealand

Nigeria

Pakistan

Palau

Papua New Guinea

Philippines

Rwanda

Tajikistan

The Gambia

Turkey

United Kingdom

United States

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Official Language of United Nations
Yes No No No No No
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Countries Spoken In
Antigua And Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, New Zealand, United Kingdom, United States, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Cameroon, Canada, Dominica, Fiji, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, India, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Federated States Of Micronesia, Namibia, Nauru, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Saint Kitts And Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Ingapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad And Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe, American Samoa, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Christmas Island, Cocos, (keeling) Islands, Cook Islands, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Guam, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle Of Man, Jersey, Montserrat, Niue, Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Pitcairn Islands, Puerto Rico, Saint Helena, Ascension And Tristan Da Cunha, Sint Maarten, Somaliland, Tokelau, Turks And Caicos Islands, U.s. Virgin Islands India, United Arab Emirates, South Africa, United States, Canada, Nepal Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Iraq, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Kuwait, Bahrain Turkey, Cyprus, Albania, Azerbaijan, Bosnia And Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Syria, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Mauritius, South Africa, Thailand
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No. of Countries Spoken In
84
6
3
11
27
6
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