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Compare Arabic vs Hindi vs Persian (Farsi) vs Thai vs Turkish vs Urdu World Languages

Overview:

 
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Language Family and Writing System
 
Writing System
Arabic Devangari Arabic Thai Latin Nasta'liq (arabic)
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Script(s) Used
(al Arabiya) (hind ) (f Rs ) (paasaa-tai) T Rk E (urd )
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Family
Afro-asiatic Indo-european Indo-european Tai-kadai Turkic Indo-european
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Subgroup
Semitic Indo-aryan Iranian Tai Southern Indo-aryan
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3 Letter Code
Ara Hin Per/fas Tha Tur Urd
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Number of Speakers
 
Number of Native speakers (millions)
215 million
182 million
39 million
20 million
74 million
58 million
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Native Speakers as % of World
4.7 %
3.9 %
0.8 %
0.4 %
1.6 %
1.3 %
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Total Number of Speakers (millions)
452 million
490 million
59 million
60 million
83 million
65 million
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Total Speakers as % of World
5.9 %
6.4 %
0.8 %
0.8 %
1.1 %
0.9 %
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Language Systems
 
Noun declensions
Three Cases Two Cases Two Cases None Seven Cases Two Cases
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Sequence
Vso Sov Sov Svo Sov Sov
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Tonal
No No No Yes No No
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Agglutinative language
No No No No No No
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Geographic Distribution
 
Official language in

Afghanistan

Algeria

Bahrain

Chad

Comoros

Cyprus

Djibouti

Egypt

Eritrea

India

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Jordan

Kuwait

Lebanon

Libya

Mauritania

Morocco

Oman

Pakistan

Palestine

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

Somalia

Sudan

Syria

Tajikistan

Thailand

Tunisia

Turkey

United Arab Emirates

Western Sahara

Yemen

Afghanistan

Algeria

Bahrain

Chad

Comoros

Cyprus

Djibouti

Egypt

Eritrea

India

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Jordan

Kuwait

Lebanon

Libya

Mauritania

Morocco

Oman

Pakistan

Palestine

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

Somalia

Sudan

Syria

Tajikistan

Thailand

Tunisia

Turkey

United Arab Emirates

Western Sahara

Yemen

Afghanistan

Algeria

Bahrain

Chad

Comoros

Cyprus

Djibouti

Egypt

Eritrea

India

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Jordan

Kuwait

Lebanon

Libya

Mauritania

Morocco

Oman

Pakistan

Palestine

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

Somalia

Sudan

Syria

Tajikistan

Thailand

Tunisia

Turkey

United Arab Emirates

Western Sahara

Yemen

Afghanistan

Algeria

Bahrain

Chad

Comoros

Cyprus

Djibouti

Egypt

Eritrea

India

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Jordan

Kuwait

Lebanon

Libya

Mauritania

Morocco

Oman

Pakistan

Palestine

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

Somalia

Sudan

Syria

Tajikistan

Thailand

Tunisia

Turkey

United Arab Emirates

Western Sahara

Yemen

Afghanistan

Algeria

Bahrain

Chad

Comoros

Cyprus

Djibouti

Egypt

Eritrea

India

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Jordan

Kuwait

Lebanon

Libya

Mauritania

Morocco

Oman

Pakistan

Palestine

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

Somalia

Sudan

Syria

Tajikistan

Thailand

Tunisia

Turkey

United Arab Emirates

Western Sahara

Yemen

Afghanistan

Algeria

Bahrain

Chad

Comoros

Cyprus

Djibouti

Egypt

Eritrea

India

Iran

Iraq

Israel

Jordan

Kuwait

Lebanon

Libya

Mauritania

Morocco

Oman

Pakistan

Palestine

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

Somalia

Sudan

Syria

Tajikistan

Thailand

Tunisia

Turkey

United Arab Emirates

Western Sahara

Yemen

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Official Language of United Nations
Yes No No No No No
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Countries Spoken In
Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Western Sahara, Yemen, Niger, Mali, Senegal India, United Arab Emirates, South Africa, United States, Canada, Nepal Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Iraq, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Kuwait, Bahrain Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Southern Burma, Laos, United States, Canada, France, United Kingdom Turkey, Cyprus, Albania, Azerbaijan, Bosnia And Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Syria, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Mauritius, South Africa, Thailand
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No. of Countries Spoken In
30
6
11
9
27
6
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